Campo de' Fiori means field of flowers or flower court in Italian.
The name comes from the middle ages when this square was a meadow and it had stuck as this area is a flower and spice market on Sundays.
This was a quite important square during the middle ages, being on the route between St. Peter's and St. John the Lateran. The Vatican, which is not too far away, used to place their notices here, papal bulls and the like and this was where they used to execute people who fell in to disfavour of the church such as the man in the centre of the square.
Giordano Bruno was a philosopher, mathematician and contemporary of Galileo.
He was born in 1548 in Nola, not too far from Pompeii and became a priest in his twenties. He was influenced by Copernicus who said the Earth went around the sun and proved much of it scientifically. The church knew it did but they could not publicly contravene understanding of the the Bible, even though the Bible did not claim geocentricity; some pagan philosophers did and this was accepted knowledge.
Bruno believed the universe was constantly expanding and he believed there was life on other planets and was the first writer in the Middle Ages to suggest both publicly. Star Trek and Star Wars owe their concepts to him. His ideas on this and other matters got him excommunicated by the church, so he went to Geneva in Switzerland and joined the Calvinists or Presbyterians. He worked as a maths professor but was excommunicated by the Calvinists for slandering a colleague. So he got annoyed at their intransigence and left.
He lived in England for a while with the Episcopalians and later moved to Germany, teaching about Aristotle in Wittenberg where Luther started the Protestant Reformation. He had to become a Lutheran to teach there and he was eventually excommunicated for his dissenting opinions. He eventually returned to Venice and gave private lessons to a noble's son. This son denounced him to the inquisition and he was arrested and tried for heresy. Bruno was declared a heretic and handed over to authorities on February 8 1600. At his trial he listened to the verdict on his knees, then stood up and said: "Perhaps you, my judges, pronounce this sentence against me with greater fear than I receive it." He was imprisoned in Castel St. Angelo for a month and was then brought to here, his tongue in a gag, tied to a pole naked and burned at the stake, on February 17, 1600.
Over two hundred years later in 1889, the Freemasons erected this statue here in his honor.
At that time in Rome, Italy had just become a unified country and they had taken Rome from the Vatican by force so there was a lot of anti-papal feeling still left. The statue faces Vatican in defiance of them. On the panels beneath him there are pictures from his life depicting his trial and execution. Bruno had his own specific views on Christianity and cannot be claimed as Catholic or Protestant/Reformer; he was a contrarian.
Nowadays this square is one of Rome's hot night spots for young people. It is a great square to have dinner or have a beer.theatre of pompey
A short walk through Campo di Fiori south east on Piazza del Biscone will bring you through a dark gated passageway, Passetto del Biscone, with a statue to the Virgin Mary inside. You arrive in a small car park, Lardo del Pallaro, which keeps the curved layout and foundations of the theatre of Pompey. This is the location where Julius Caesar was murdered. Just like in Piazza Navona, medieval Rome was built upon the ancient Roman foundations.campo dei fiori market
If you would like to take a walking or driving tour of Rome including Campo di Fiori you can send me an email via the link in the menu.
My Tour reviews:
The Most Enjoyable Tour
This was the most enjoyable tour of our entire two week vacation to Italy. Dara was quite knowledgeable and interjected fun facts and humor which made it even more engaging for our children - ages 20, 17 & 15. He was always respectful of the faith and reminded us of the rules, other tour guides must not have been as informative.
5.0 Stars Mike Howard
Dara did a wonderful job. I wish we would have had him as our tour guide the entire time we were in Rome. He made the tour wonderfully entertaining and very educational. He placed just enough detail in the explanation to teach us but not bore us. He did an outstanding job. Thank you Dara!
5.0 Stars Rebeka Carter
Dara's Tour was Fantastic.
Dara's tour was fantastic. He made 2000 years of history much more fun than expected. I would certainly take his tour again when I next visit Rome. I learned so much and had a great time. Thanks!
5.0 Stars Melinda
Dara was Great
Dara was great. We had to leave the tour early because our ship changed the departure time from the port city - move it up 1 hour. Dara gave us great directions on where to go to see what we wanted to see since we couldn't stay with the tour. He also was very informative while the hour or so we were with the tour.
5.0 Stars Jerry Parche
Dara was Fantastic!
Dara was fantastic! Not only very informative but funny as well. He kept the group together well, he frequently asked if everyone was okay and we stopped for toilet breaks. The tour was so interesting and well paced. It was also great that Dara was able to talk and walk at the same time unlike the guide the following day!
5.0 Stars Natasha Thomas
Dara was Very Funny
Dara was very funny and gave great information. Truly enjoyed this!
5.0 Stars Susan Kiner
Just loved all the info that Dara gave us. Excellent tour and tour guide. Would recommend your tours to our friends visiting Rome. Thanks for your services.
5.0 Stars Brando DeOliveira
Highlights of My Trip
Most professional tour that I had on Rome. One of the highlights of my trip. Thank you!
5.0 Stars Marti Panikkar
Perfect Balance of Wit and Knowledge
He was the perfect balance of wit and knowledge - was amazed at the depth of his knowledge and he has ability to communicate the facts in an interesting manner - also gave us a good selection of the things worth seeing - I have recommended the tour on our expedia review of Rome
5.0 Stars David Garwood
Helpful and Informative
Dara was very helpful and informative. He knew each room and detail and I am glad that he was our tour guide. He had a nice personality and I was amazed with his ability to keep counting our group to make sure all were together before we moved forward. I have already recommended your tour to other people as I traveled in other parts of Italy.
5.0 Stars Audrey Ferrante
|Piazza del Popolo|
|Santa Maria del Popolo|
|The Spanish Steps|
|Fountain of Moses|
|Campo de' Fiori|
|Jewish Ghetto Rome|