St. Peter's Dome

The dome of Saint Peter's Basilica is the dominant feature of the Roman skyline.

Designed by Michelangelo, the dome was actually carried out by his successors as architects of Saint Peters; Domenico Fontana and Giacomo Della Porta. They completed the building in three years, by 1590.

  • dome in rome
  • the dome rome
  • dome vatican
  • st peters basilica dome
  • peters dome
  • the dome in rome
  • dome rome
  • cupola vatican
  • vatican cupola
  • dome of saint peters
  • climbing st peters
  • vatican dome tour
  • st peters basilica dome
  • dome of st peters
  • dome of rome
  • michelangelo dome
  • st peters dome
  • who designed the dome of st peters
  • peters dome
  • basilica dome

st peter's basilica dome

The interior decorations of the dome were designed by Cavalier D'Arpino, Giuseppe Cesari, between 1603 and 1612. Their sketches were made in to mosaics by Cesare Torelli, Donato Parigi, Ranuccio Semprevivo and Rosario Parasole.


dome in rome

These mosaics show Jesus, Mary, Joseph, John the Baptist and the 12 apostles the Church is happy with shooting up via angels to God, who is depicted in the Cupola or smaller dome at the very top.


dome of st peters

At the base of the cupola is inscribed: S. PETRI GLORIAE SIXTUS PP. V.A. MDXC PONTIF. V., or for the glory of Saint Peter, Pope Sixtus the fifth 1590, the fifth year of his pontificate. He commissioned the dome and it was finished the year he passed away.


michelangelo dome

Inside the drum of the Dome, beneath the windows, is a quote from Matthew Chapter 16 verses 17-19, in six foot high letters:
"You are Peter, the rock, upon this rock I build my Church, I will give you the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven".
This drum section was the part of the dome completed by Michelangelo in his lifetime although he never saw it decorated.


dome rome

The Catholic Church regards this statement from Jesus as making Peter the first Pope, papa or father of the church. The Popes regard themselves as the successors to his office as Bishop of Rome; the earthly head of the Roman Catholic Church; they have always regarded Jesus as the head of the Church.


st peters basilica dome

Beneath this are four large circular medallions, each 26 feet high and again mosaics, depicting the writers of the four canonical gospels:
St. Matthew with the Angel
St. John with the eagle
St. Luke with the calf
and St. Mark with the lion.
These four men, or the gospels later ascribed to these men by Iraneus, give us the majority of information about the life of Jesus. Other gospels exist, but these are considered authentic by the vast majority Christian Churches. They were also the first four written.


who designed the dome of st peters

Structurally, the dome is 150 metres or 490 feet high from the floor to the cross on top of the dome.

The Statue of Liberty could fit inside St. Peter's underneath the dome and there would still be almost 220 feet to spare.
Visiting the dome affords the visitor great views of the inside of the church and of the outside of Rome. A small charge, less than €10, is incurred. You can visit the dome of st. peters by lining up in st peters square and once you reach the portico of the church, taking a right to the dome ticket office. Alternatively if you do the museums and chapel, once you exit the chapel you will see the line for the dome beneath you.



My Tour reviews:

Italy Tour Dara was Great
Dara was great. We had to leave the tour early because our ship changed the departure time from the port city - move it up 1 hour. Dara gave us great directions on where to go to see what we wanted to see since we couldn't stay with the tour. He also was very informative while the hour or so we were with the tour.
5.0 Stars Jerry Parche
General Tour Fine Job
The tour was good and Dara did a fine job explaining everything.
5.0 Stars Tom Johnson
General Tour Take the Tour
Take the tour, even if you will do it on your own later.
5.0 Stars Dara Fazel
Vatican Tour Dara was Great!
skipping the lines is a BIG DEAL! vatican has too many visitors. would reccomend this tour. Dara was great.
5.0 Stars Nina from Dubai
Vatican Tour Dara was Amusing and Spoke Clearly
While Dara was amusing and spoke clearly, your microphone system managed to cut out a good third of the information which he spoke into it. Several guests inquired about the quality of the broadcast. This was to be sketchily made out through the transmission, while more interesting things were not. The performance of Dara was good, however the timeframe alotted and the shear load of visitors to the museum and vatican allowed for nothing in the way of an undisturbed visit.
5.0 Stars Dr. Brian K. Manich
Vatican Tour Dara was an Excellent Tour Guide
We thoroughly enjoyed our tour of the Vatican and felt that we obtained a lot more information than we would have done on our own. Dara was an excellent tour guide who was well informed and able to deliver the information in an enjoyable way.
5.0 Stars Shirley Ryan
Vatican Tour Easy to Follow
Dara did a great job and was very informative regarding the amount of art and sculpture that was covered. His explanation was in story form and he connected what was happening during that time in a very easy to follow description.
5.0 Stars Lori Oliver
Vatican Tour Very Enjoyable
Dara's knowledge was superb and was able to make the information very enjoyable. Hearing some other guides as we went round, his knowledge and expertise was a lot better and without this I think we would have skipped through a lot of the Museums and just gone to the Sistine Chapel as it was so busy.
5.0 Stars Laura Carter
Vatican Tour Very Knowledgeable and Spirited
He was very knowledgeable and spirited. Plus, what with the Obamas in town, we had to walk the entire way around to get to the Vatican when the tour was over. As an aside, my daughter and I waited in the Vatican for almost an hour as there was a rumor that Mrs. Obama was expected, but in the end, what with only 1 1/2 days in Rome, we left. Since we continued on to Florence, Bologna, and Venice, we never did find out if we had missed seeing her. But was there ever a lot of excitement in that area
5.0 Stars Dr Donna Ferrara
Italy Tour Helpful and Informative
Dara was very helpful and informative. He knew each room and detail and I am glad that he was our tour guide. He had a nice personality and I was amazed with his ability to keep counting our group to make sure all were together before we moved forward. I have already recommended your tour to other people as I traveled in other parts of Italy.
5.0 Stars Audrey Ferrante
Did you know?
The Vatican is not air-conditioned
There are very few seats
Few bathrooms
and few cafes
Vatican Checklist
Tickets or Tour Booked
Knees & Shoulders Covered
Flash turned off Camera
Bottle of Water
Rested & Relaxed